The impact of off-grid solar energy on electrification

Among the off-grid solutions available in Africa is the solar home system. This small household-scale electricity grid consists of one or more solar panels, inverters and batteries to store the electricity. The clean electricity stored in this way is redistributed on demand to the domestic grid at night or in bad weather.


There are also mini-grids, which can also be used to electrify rural areas. These are small photovoltaic solar power plants with electricity storage systems using batteries or hybrids with generators. These installations are equipped with small distribution networks capable of supplying a community or a village.


In the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), the company Nuru is already deploying mini-grids capable of covering entire towns, such as Goma in the province of North Kivu. Nigeria has opted for off-grid solar power to electrify its rural areas through a project implemented at federal level and financed to the tune of $550 million by the African Development Bank (AfDB) and the World Bank. Such financial commitments are necessary to meet the challenge of electrification in Africa.