The availability of electricity should also support the implementation of the Regional Agricultural Irrigation Programme. The Ethiopian government’s initiative aims to deploy irrigation systems on at least 462,174 hectares of farmland in a region beset by drought. Strengthening the electricity transmission system will also pave the way for the sale of electricity to Somalia, a country in the Horn of Africa that does not yet have a unified electricity network because of the civil war that has been raging there since 2006.
Ethiopia wants to become the energy powerhouse of East Africa through the construction of huge infrastructures, notably the Great Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD), which will have a capacity of 5,250 MW, equivalent to the installed capacity of a country like Ghana (5,326 MW). Ethiopia already exports its electricity to Djibouti.